1. Model nature and scale
First of all, you need to understand the nature and scale of the model you want to make. For a larger design, such as a regional overall plan, you need to pay attention to the selection of basic materials, because it needs to clearly show the overall form and context . If it is a base with a small scope, such as architectural design, it is necessary to pay attention to the shape of the body and the internal layout. But if it is a model of an apartment, the interior space may need to be more detailed, because it is necessary to let people understand the subtler daily life space. Therefore, when making models, you should first distinguish the grades. Different scales need to pay attention to different details. After confirming the grades, you can start to choose the required materials, so as to avoid the failure of the performance.
2. The scale of the model
Generally speaking, the interior space and floor detail design models are between 1:10 and 1:50, the architectural models are between 1:100 and 1:500, and the urban models are mainly between 1:1000 and 1:2500 , but still depends on the scope covered by the model.
3. Cutting and assembly
Cutting is the first step in model making. It is not an exaggeration to say that it is an important key to the success or failure of the model. A neat cut surface gives people a comfortable and easy-to-understand feeling. If the edges are messy, you may not feel it. So to ensure a clean edge, you’ll need the basics: a sharp 30-degree blade, scissors, an iron ruler, a cutting mat. After cutting all the model cardboards, the next step is to combine them. The most commonly used glue is Styrofoam glue. In addition, white glue, hot-melt glue, and double-sided tape can be used as auxiliary materials (buy it if necessary) Yes), in order to avoid Styrofoam glue staining the model, you can put the Styrofoam glue into the thick tube syringe, which can reduce the problem of the model being stained by the glue.
4. Material application
It is recommended that you reduce too fancy and complicated expressions, and spend time and energy on the volume design that really needs to be expressed. Just like Apple products, Jobs’ design team uses continuous subtraction as a means of design and launch. So please note that the focus of model making is no longer on whether the degree of simulation is high or not, but on how to truly express the time-consuming space of the design. Here are some common material applications for your reference:
▪Tiles and bricks: Cut the correct brick size on the cardboard with small force. If you need realistic point, you can paint it, and then stick it accurately on the pavement or wall.
▪Roof: corrugated cardboard + paint.
▪Glass: Plastic plates and celluloid sheets can express the feeling of glass. If you want to express windows more finely, you can use it with “Line Tone”. Another way is to buy sticker-type printing paper, and print out the pictures drawn by the computer and paste them on the transparent sheet, which will have a good effect.
▪Wood: Aircraft wood has different thicknesses and can be used in a wide range of applications.
▪Water: Using Polyester Glue + Blue Pigment, the texture of water can be made. Or cover with blue paper and textured transparencies. If the scale is small, it is fine to use blue paper to represent it.
▪Plants: including trees, shrubs and grass, you can buy ready-made grass mats, trees, or use the following methods:
▪Lawn: Sprinkling grass powder is a relatively simple way, and you can also use wood chips to stick to the green area and paint with green paint.
▪Trunk: use wound steel wire.
▪Green leaves: Use a sponge, or apply glue and sprinkle grass powder.
5. Presenting the proportion of volume
The purpose of placing small objects such as people and cars in the model is not to make the whole look real, but to make the proportions of the model visually distinguishable. Characters are like scales, so it is recommended that you prepare various and commonly used proportions characters, ready to use.
6. Finally, I would like to give you a few thoughtful reminders:
1. Wash your hands frequently, do not dirty the model and your hands, so as not to affect the quality of the model.
2. Please make models under good lighting conditions to avoid hurting your eyes and your fingers.
3. Establish a good model plan so that the model can be completed within the deadline.
4. Choose tools of good quality, because they will be used within five years of schooling, and the chances of using them in the future are not small.
5. Please pay attention and enjoy the process of making, because it will reflect your creative ability.